Posts Tagged ‘Long Count’

“Venus-luna, protagonistas de la cuenta larga 13 Bak’Tun. Nuevos hallazgos y nuevos horizontes para la astronomía y la calendárica mesoamericana”

Ver aquí: Conferencia: Venus-Luna, protagonistas de la Cuenta de 13 Bak’tun

Es la conferencia que ofrecí el 5 de octubre, por invitación de El Colegio Mexiquense, A.C.

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The completion of 13 Bak’tun was considered by mid 20th Century mayanists as the closing of the Long Count by the Maya. But ever since the 1980s that supposition was turned down due to growing evidence regarding the continuation in the counting of the days after 13 Bak’tun on many monuments that advance into future time from 13 Bak’tun through to 14 Bak’tun (394.52 years later), and so on until 1 Pik’tun (i.e. 20 Bak’tun) -and more.
It is certainly true that the completion of 13 cycles of 144000 k’in (Bak’tun) is signficant because of what 13 (Uxlaju’n) represents in Maya Cosmovision: the highest level in the sky-world or heavens. So a special ritual featured by Bolon Yokte’ K’uh was in fact announced by Bahlam Ajaw, ruler of Tortuguero. For that ritual, no offerings and no catastrophe were predicted; rather, Bolon Yokte’ K’uh, a deity of transition that was also present at the time of Creation, was foretold to be bound by rope, so as to denote that the 13 Bak’tun cycle will have become completed and that the homerun for 1 Pik’tun shall have commenced. The 13 Bak’tun celebration is as important as celebrating the time when a boy turns to be a teenager at thirteen.
A misleading information complementary to the one referring to ‘the end of the Maya Long Count’ is the date on which 13 Bak’tun ends. This is because of the Goodman-Martinez-Thompson Correlation that prevails. But this correlation is in doubt because it does not explain the Eclipse Table of the Dresden Codex, the most important astronomic Maya almanac. It also provides no astronomic support for the supposed closing date of 13 Bak’tun: 21st December 2012, or 23rd December 2012.
The Correlation that I have presented here is consistent with the Eclipse Table and with the astronomic event described on p.52a of the Dresden Codex for the Creation Date and 8 days after: the first rising of vespertine Venus together with the Moon on the Western sky. In agreement with the cyclic logic, this same event will take place at the closing of 13 Bak’tun and 8 days after: May 3, 2013 and May 11, 2013 respectively.
The fact that May 3 is the closing date is extremely significant because May 3 is a typical orientation day of many monuments and pyramids that face the Western sky, such as the Feathered Serpent Pyramid in Teotihuacan. That date has been awaited ever since early Classic times. Certainly, the replication of the Creation event featured by Venus on its first days of visibility on the Western sky occurring next May 3, 2013 upon the closing of 13 Bak’tun, produced a great deal of expectation ever since the first or second century of present era. The expectation is connected to renewal, re-creation, evolution, and certainly not to a clear-cut-ending of time. Only linear-based models of time and space can speculate that such an ending can take place at some point. But Mayan (and Mesoamerican) Cosmovision is cyclic and multi-scale, meaning that from an indivisible cyclic time-space unit (the k’in -or day) greater cycles occur, all fractals of each other. That is how Vespertine Venus becomes protagonic not only at the time of Creation (when the three hearth stones were placed 5128 years and 280 days ago) but at the time of re-creation of that Creation.
In conclusion, Maya and other Mesoamerican civilizations were well aware that the cyclic articulation of astronomic events and numerical (and calendrical) records, was the best demonstration of their supreme achievement: to be able to perform world-order as perfectly as sky-order is performed by celestial bodies –the most sublime one being Venus. The rising of Venus as evening star denotes that it has obtained victory over the deities of the underworld. That is certainly a good omen.

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